What are cockroaches? What and how many types of cockroaches are there?
If you want to fight the presence of cockroaches in the house you’d better know what cockroaches are and who you’ll have to fight against. Recognizing the types of cockroaches and knowing what characteristics and abilities they possess can help you fight the invasion of this repugnant insect.
You’re about to learn about the most successful living thing in nature. Present on earth for about 350 million years. Do you understand why getting rid of cockroaches is such a difficult task?
5 curiosities about cockroaches
What I’m about to share with you is pretty lousy, but you have to be brave. Understanding what cockroaches are and how they behave can help you stop the infestation. This insect, called a cockroach, cockroach or bacarozzo, has many different species. Soon we’ll see what they are, but now, here are 5 curiosities about cockroaches, which maybe you didn’t know, but you better know:
- Cockroaches are persistent and resilient. They can survive in radioactive areas “without pawing”. In nature, only scorpions can compete.
- Cockroaches or cockroaches, whatever they are, can move at about 4 km/h and are able to change direction 25 times per second.
- They prefer sweet food, but they can adapt to anything: faeces, corpses of their fellow humans, glue, fat, hair, anything for them is food. It is difficult to get rid of cockroaches because they can survive even two months without feeding.
- Cockroaches, if decapitated, can go on living for up to a week.
- Cockroaches and cockroaches are able to climb the walls thanks to the claws on their legs.
What are cockroaches
Cockroaches and cockroaches are gregarious insects that generally carry out their nutritional activity at night. Their survival is also due to the rapidity of their reproductive cycles and their adaptability to poisons and environments.
They have an extremely flattened shape that allows them to cross cracks of a few millimetres and hide easily. They feed on various organic materials and feed their offspring by regurgitating food already digested, releasing unpleasant odours.
They are ubiquitous insects, they spread everywhere and live in close contact with humans: shops, public and private buildings, cellars, sewers or on piles of rubbish. Every place becomes their habitat. That is why it is good that you know the types of cockroaches.
The types of cockroaches
Eastern cockroach: It’s the common black cockroach that climbs up the drainpipe to stay in your house. It prefers cooler areas, such as garages, basements, sinks, and then peeps into the apartments during the night. It’s a great runner, if you want to eliminate it you have to play smart, but it’s better to prevent infestation.
The Blatta orientalis is a real plague. It feeds on foodstuffs and transfers to them the disgusting smell of its repugnant glands, which emit foul-smelling substances. It is an intermediate host of Nematodes, vector of Protozoa and Nematodes and Cestodes eggs, emitted through its faeces.
The diseases carried by Cockroach orientalis are many and dangerous:
- Cholera, caused by the bacterium Vibrio choleraE;
- Dysentery phenomena, related to enterobacteria;
- Hepatitis A;
In addition, cockroaches release substances into the air that can cause various allergic disorders in people predisposed to these diseases.
German cockroach: lives both outdoors and indoors and prefers dark and humid environments, both cool and warm. It has adapted to living in buildings and in particular, in basements, around bathroom pipes, in sewer drains. Restaurants, bakeries, greenhouses and wherever food is prepared or stored.
They can take small flights and climb perfectly smooth and vertical surfaces. Where they arrive, they colonize easily, adapting immediately.
This is the largest of the cockroaches we present to you today. It has nocturnal habits, loves warm and humid environments. It is usual to find it in bars, restaurants, food stores, but very often also in homes, in wet and warm places. This preference of hers has earned her the name of stoker cockroach. Her favourite areas are the dining rooms, the spaces behind and under refrigerators or washing machines and the bathrooms.
Cockroaches are omnivorous and are attracted to all kinds of waste, as well as food, paper, feces and upholstery.
They can or cause damage, not so much because of what they eat, but above all because of the pollution of food products that they contaminate by soaking them in repugnant odours.
It may be useful to know how to prevent cockroach infestation in the home…
What are cockroaches and risk of infestation
In addition to direct food contamination damage, these cockroaches are dangerous insects because they spread microbes and pathogens. They carry on their bodies, legs and antennas these dangerous microbes that they collect in unhealthy places where they live, such as sewers, landfills, dustbins and latrines.
Keep in mind that there are 48 different species belonging to six macro families.
In places at risk, such as civil dwellings, food stores and catering establishments, the potential for infection and contagion is high and dangerous. In fact, in addition to the bacteria responsible for gastroenteritis and salmonellosis, cockroaches are vectors of “Staphylococcus”, “Pseudomonas” and even Pasterella pestis. A total of 48 strains of pathogenic bacteria.
The risk to you and your family, as well as to the workplace, is alarming. For cockroach pest control please do not hesitate to contact our activity in Cattolica. We will give you the necessary advice and all the information on the different techniques of intervention.