Cockroaches are insects associated with human habitats. They live in a wide range of environments around the world. Cockroaches are consider as pests that invades our home and environments. They prefer warm and moist conditions.
Cockroaches usually hide in the day and come out at night in search for food. They are scavengers and eat almost any food. Cockroaches leave chemical trails in their feces and emit airborne pheromones for swarming and mating. Their chemical trails transmit bacteria onto the surfaces for other cockroaches to discover sources of food and water.
Generally cockroaches are rather large insects. Most species are about the size of a thumbnail but there are some much better species. Australian giant burrowing cockroaches can reach up to 3.5 inches in length and weight more than 1.1oz. They are consider the world’s heaviest cockroaches.
Cockroaches have relatively small heads with broad flattened bodies. They have two pairs of wings of which the first pair of wings are tough and protective, lying as a shield on top of the second pair of membranous hind wings.
Female cockroaches may produce up to eight egg cases in a lifetime. Each case or capsule may contain around 40 eggs and in favorable conditions, a female cockroach can produce 300 to 400 off springs. In some species, the female cockroach needs to be impregnated only once to be able to lay eggs for the rest of her life.
Cockroaches are among the hardiest insects. There are some species that are capable of remaining active for a month without food and can survive on limited resources. Some can go without air for 45 minutes and there are cockroaches that are able to recover from being submerged underwater for half and hour.
Cockroaches are one of the most common household pest. They feed on human and pet food and leave behind an offensive odor. Cockroaches are linked with allergic reactions in humans which can cause asthma attacks.
Cockroaches hiding places are holes around baseboards, between kitchen cabinets, pipes, doors and windows, cupboards and drawers, boxes and garbage bins. They are difficult to eradicate once they have infested an area.